Banjar, The Smallest Part in the Community System of Bali

Balinese people tend to be homogeneous and to this day, one of the prominent characteristic of Bali is their communal community life.  The smallest part of social / government system is banjar. Member of the banjarin one area as many as 150 to 500 core families.  There are two terms of banjar: Banjar Adat and Banjar Dinas. One territory has both banjar adat and banjar dinasBanjar adat is mostly related to cultural and religious affairs while banjar dinas is more for social and government administration affairs. Banjar adat is exclusive and self-governing.

The member of banjar adat are mostly people who were born in that village and inherit the house/land from their parents. They also must be Hindu believers since one of their duties is taking care religious ceremonies of the temples in that village. The banjar dinas has all the members of banjar adatplus people from other area who stay or have a house in that banjar adat. Mostly, all Balinese are member of banjar adat. There are some reasons why some people not willing to be a member of such banjar adat. In general, they are already member of banjar adat in their former village and the other reason is they are non-Hindu believers.

Banjar dinas is part of the Indonesian government administration system, which means above all that the administration rules are the same under the Law of Indonesia, so that they tie together all Indonesian nationalities. Meanwhile, banjar adat–besides following the rule of Indonesia government, also has its own rule call awig-awig. It regulates rights and obligation for banjar adat member. There is punishment for the member of the banjar if they break the rule in awig-awig. The punishment usually is decided under the meeting called paruman. The meeting is held in balai banjar, the public place for community in the village.



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